Meteorologists promise a hot August and a hot Indian summer, the time of light clothing and, of course, open sandals. However, such shoes have their own requirements. Damaged yellow nails look sloppy, they need to be hidden in closed noses. This, of course, can spoil the joy of the summer weather. Fungus is often the cause of these nails.
The fungus causes onychomycosis, one of the most unpleasant diseases. Also, contrary to popular belief, it's not that safe at all. If the fungus is left untreated, it will develop, occupy large areas of human skin, and thus may even cause damage to a person's internal organs.
The elderly are at risk
Doctors claim that very often lovers of saunas and baths are infected with nail fungus, in which the surface is not thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. The fungus in such places "steam" detached from the feet of an infected person and can easily attach itself to another person.
However, you can collect the mushroom in seemingly safe places, such as at a party. If the hosts have nail fungus and the guest puts slippers on their bare feet, they are very likely to get infected.
Once in the human body, the fungus develops for a long time and it is very difficult to notice its presence. The first step is to pay attention to changes in the color of the nail plate, it becomes cloudy or yellow, - says the head of the dermatological department, dermatologist.
Itching appears between the toes and a pungent odor from the feet. It should be clarified that although the fungus occurs most often on the toenails, this does not mean that it is localized only there. The fungus affects the nails of the legs and hands, as well as the skin of the feet, hands and the whole body. Peeling usually appears on the skin - in the form of plates, rings, and can be flour-like (when the skin furrows are sprinkled with flour, so to speak). Bubbles may appear, which can suppurate and burst. Nails can thicken, collapse, separate from the nail bed, change color. In advanced cases, a person's internal organs also suffer.
Men in their 20s to 50s are considered a risk group for nail fungus infection, because they are more likely to be where you can be infected with nail fungus. However, doctors note that almost all people can be infected with onychomycosis.
90% of nail fungus is caused by dermatophytes and molds. Dermatophytes are transmitted by direct contact (especially between family members) and through household items. Yeast fungi cause disease when the immune system is weakened.
In particular, as doctors make it clear, people with reduced immunity get infected. Therefore, people of pre-retirement and retirement age or those suffering from chronic diseases are at risk.
A complex approach
To treat nail fungus, like any other disease, you need to consult a doctor. In addition, it is necessary to first pass an analysis - scrape to establish what kind of disease the patient suffers from. At the same time, since the heart of the fungus (mycelium), as a rule, is located deep under the nail plate, and its spores are located on the surface of the nail, it is necessary to treat the fungus comprehensively.
Lasers, ointments and creams prescribed by doctors are considered effective treatment methods. And experts consider a pedicure as an assistant in treatment, not just a regular, but a medical pedicure.
The fact is that the fungus greatly changes the nails, making them thick. This, of course, is bad, but the main thing is that this nail shape complicates the treatment, as it becomes much more difficult to reach the mycelium. A medical pedicure is a preparation for the quality treatment of nail fungus.
However, experts warn that such a pedicure simply cannot be done in a beauty salon. Removal of corns, calluses, cracks in the skin and correction of fungus-affected nails for subsequent procedures can only be done in the clinic. To work with damaged feet, a special apparatus is needed, which is usually not installed in beauty salons - this is a medical technique. And the masters who carry out this procedure have certificates in medical pedicure, and often also in medical education.