Toenail fungus: how to treat

Feet without nail fungus

One of the most common infectious diseases is toenail fungus. This pathology has a second name - onychomycosis. Its pathogens are classified into three main categories: yeasts, molds and dermatomycetes. Most often, the third group causes damage to the nail plate on the legs. There are many factors that affect the entry of foreign microorganisms under the nail. Fungal infection is classified according to the cause and form of the manifestation. In order for it not to spoil your life for a long time, it is necessary to start treating it on time and correctly. Therapy includes special antifungal drugs (ointments, creams, tablets, medicinal solutions, paints). It is important to understand which remedies will be effective in your case, so that the treatment is not useless.

The reasons

Before starting to fight the fungus, it is necessary to establish the cause that triggered its development. Consider the main factors affecting the penetration of microorganisms deep into the nail:

  • mechanical damage to the plate;
  • contact with personal hygiene items of an infected person;
  • increased sweating;
  • use uncomfortable shoes;
  • constant contact with chemical and degreasing agents that destroy the structure of the nail;
  • ignore the rules of personal hygiene;
  • professions associated with high pollution, air humidity;
  • a sharp deterioration in immunity.

The secondary reasons against which toenail fungus can start developing are:

  • skin aging;
  • violation of the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • allergic reaction;
  • insufficiency of the adrenal glands;
  • hormonal disorders (long-term use of oral contraceptives, pregnancy);
  • bad habits;
  • regular consumption of alcoholic beverages.

People with HIV, diabetes, obesity and other diseases that negatively affect the body's defenses are at risk. Also, those who visit beauty salons who don't disinfect tools are susceptible to developing such a nuisance. Saunas, baths, swimming pools and other places of mass gathering of people are a favorable habitat for fungal infection.

Please note that drug treatment will not be sufficient if you do not initially eliminate the underlying cause that triggered the development of the fungus. Therefore, first of all, consult a mycologist. Your doctor will direct you to the necessary tests and examinations.


The manifestations of each type of fungus are different. First, let's take a look at the main symptoms:

  • at the initial stage, the structure of the nail plate is destroyed and its color changes;
  • a sore nail leaves the skin and soon falls off;
  • there is dryness, itching, an unpleasant odor in the foot and toes;
  • some areas of the skin are peeling;
  • dysbiosis develops (the patient feels weak, sleepy, loses appetite).

The correct selection of the drug depends on the shape of the fungus. Consider the symptoms of each type of pathology.

First name causative agent Demonstrations
Dermatophytes (most common) Epidermophyton, Trichophyton, Microsporum Stripes of yellow and gray form on the nail. Soon, such formations are localized on the nails of the adjacent fingers. The second stage is characterized by the separation of the nail from the skin. The neglected form is dangerous, as the fungus spreads to the foot.
Yeast (women are more sensitive than men, as the main cause of this type is the regular use of detergents) Candida In the first stage, the cuticle is affected (it becomes inflamed, when pressed, pus is released). In addition, the nail plate loses its density and changes color, becomes uneven, disappears in pieces. The fingers are swollen, the infected complains of pain.
Mold (easier to treat) Mold In the first stage, an unbearable itch appears in and around the nail. Then spots of different colors appear. In a neglected form, the plate completely changes color, dryness of the skin of the feet appears, cracks and hurts.

In addition, the fungus is classified according to the degree of development, which also determines the selection of individual treatment:

  1. The initial (normotrophic) form is characterized by a change in the shade of the plaque, the formation of spots on it.
  2. The second (hypertrophic) stage brings discomfort. It manifests itself in the form of deformation of the nail (brittleness, tuberosity).
  3. The third form (atrophic) implies complete atrophy of the plaque (detached from the bed). This stage is neglected, it is rather difficult to treat.

It is recommended to consult a doctor, as amateur performance can bring not only useless, but also negative results.


Do you suffer from a feared problem like nail fungus? Tired of the itchiness and unpleasant smell of your feet? Have you spent a lot of time and money, and an unpleasant disease still quickly affects your nails? This is solvable! The selection of effective drugs is based on the analysis of a large amount of information and surveys of people who have already gone through an unpleasant stage in the fight against the fungus.


As noted above, it is of paramount importance to determine the type of pathogen and the stage of development of the pathology. A further measure is to eliminate the likelihood of an allergic reaction of the body to the pills.

Treatment should not only be local, the impact from the inside is necessary, as the result of incomplete treatment will be zero. To reduce the negative effect of the drug, it is necessary to drink more fluids. Since such drugs are toxic, the first condition is a lean diet (excluding yeast-fermented milk products, fatty foods). It is recommended that a blood test be done every three months to keep the body in check.

Local preparations

Such funds are used in conjunction with tablets. Before using them, it is necessary to carry out a procedure for cleaning the affected areas. For this:

  • Wash your feet using an antibacterial product;
  • Take a bath (dilute two tablets of antimicrobial agent in five liters of boiled water). The duration of the procedure is fifteen minutes;
  • Remove the peeled nail particles and dry the feet.

After carrying out such a procedure, you can use the drug (several times a day).

They quickly eliminate itching, discomfort and unpleasant odor. Already after the first application, you can experience noticeable relief. Essential oils act as a complementary treatment. Prevention includes improving the immune system. To prevent the development of fungal nail infections, it is recommended to use personal hygiene products, wear slippers in saunas and swimming pools, wear comfortable shoes and keep your feet dry.

To cure toenail fungus, consult a mycologist first (preferably within the first two weeks). The use of drugs is a mandatory method of eliminating this disease. Remember that prompt treatment is the key to a quick, uncomplicated recovery.